What Is Dandruff?
Dandruff, also known as scurf and Pityriasis capititis, is a common skin disorder that occurs in areas of high sebum production. The most frequently concerned areas are scalp, ears, chest and on various skin folds. It’s customary for skin cells to expire and acquire replaced by new cells. These dead cells are flaked off from the body and this small amount of peeling is normal. Usually, this amount of flake is barely noticeable. Person with dandruff, the skin cells are sloughed frequently resulting in the gathering of dead cell on the scalp. These thick layers of dead skin cells are called dandruff. Both lad and women suffer from this condition alike, though it is more common in men. Dandruff can occur in two ways: internal dandruff and external dandruff.
Internal dandruff may occur due to lack of catnap, trauma, and hormonal imbalance or because of allergies. An allergy towards chocolates, nuts and dairy products leads institute towards amplifying in dandruff production. Dandruff might be grounded by large intakes of sugar, fat and starch that are identified to hinder with hair growth. The other type, external dandruff is primarily due to usage of excessive hair styling merchandises like rinses, and conditioners, curling irons, combs, coloring products, hair styling gels etc. If the scalp is not rinsed properly and frequently, it may lead to the accumulation of dandruff. Dandruff occurs mostly in cold conditions like in dry areas, wearing tighter hats and during winter.
Major time, dandruff can easily be treated in the patient’s home itself. The most fashionable pathway is the use conventional anti dandruff shampoos regularly. These shampoos are made from a wide variety of ingredients namely, zinc prithione, coal tar and salicylic acid. Shampoos containing zinc prithione helps in curbing the growth of the fungus that causes dandruff. Those made of coal tar slows down the skin cells regenerating process and those containing salicylic acid reduce the flaking of cells. This helps in efficient cleaning of the scalp for good hair growth. However, this may not work with all people. In such cases, when these methods don’t produce any results, dermatologists prescribe a special lotion. These lotions are produced from selenium sulphide and zinc pyritheone, which reduce the inflammatory reaction in the skin. Natural dandruff removing herbs are also worth giving a try. These include coconut oil, tea tree oil and Fenugreek to name a few.
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